Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) Vaccine

What You Need to Know

Hib or Haemophilus influenzae is a type of bacteria that mainly causes illness in babies and young children. These bacteria can cause infections in people of all ages ranging from mild, such as an ear infection, to severe, such as a bloodstream infection.

These bacteria live in the nose and throat, and usually cause no harm. However, the bacteria can sometimes move to other parts of the body and cause infection. Some of these infections are considered “invasive” and can be very serious and sometimes even deadly.

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Before Hib vaccine was introduced in the United States for children younger than 5 years old, Hib disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis and caused about 20,000 cases of invasive disease each year

Hib does not cause the “flu". There are six identifiable types of H. influenzae bacteria (a through f) and other non-identifiable types (called nontypeable). The one people are most familiar with is H. influenzae type b, or Hib, that can be prevented with a vaccine.

Who Should Get the Hib Vaccine?

Hib can cause severe diseases, including meningitis, but Hib disease is vaccine-preventable. Your child should get the full series of Hib shots as a baby, as well as one booster shot when they are 12 through 15 months old. 

Babies and Children

Hib vaccine is recommended for all children younger than 5 years old in the United States and is usually given to babies starting at 2 months old, according to the CDC.

Rainbow Pediatrics strives to provide our patients with the best and most comprehensive pediatric care possible from birth through college. 

From preventative visits to unique health challenges, Rainbow's pediatricians are prepared to treat your child with the friendly, expert care you want and deserve.

We strive to be the community leader in pediatric health each day by delivering a level of care that's second-to-none in Central Ohio. That's why families trust our experienced team to care for their loved ones from infancy to early adulthood.