What You Need to Know
Acne vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is a chronic skin disease involving blockage and/or inflammation of hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous gland.
Acne can present as non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both, affecting mostly the face but also the back and chest. Symptoms my include pain and/or tenderness.
What causes acne?
Your skin is covered with pores. Pores contain oil glands that make sebum, an oil that moistens your hair and skin. When the glands make the right amount of sebum the pores are fine. However, acne occurs when a pore gets clogged with too much sebum, too much inflammation caused by the dead skin cells, and, by bacteria normally found in the pores of the epidermis.
When does acne occur?
Acne is categorized in age groups.
Neonatal Acne or baby acne develops on a newborn's skin. Baby acne can occur anywhere on the face, but usually appears on the cheeks, nose and forehead.
Pre-adolescent Acne is common for 9 to 11 year-olds. Bacteria, clogged pores, hormones and are contributors to the condition.
Teen Acne is very common for 13 to 23 year-olds. It is estimated that 85% of teens get acne. It can last throughout the teen years and into the early 20s.
How should acne be treated?
Treatment should be discussed with your pediatrician. After an examination, your doctor can prescribe a treatment plan that is safe for your child. Never use over-the-counter acne treatments on infants or young children without first consulting your physician.
The main goals of any acne treatment are:
- Minimize and control the acne
- Avoid scarring or other damage to the skin
- Making scars less noticeable
Rainbow Pediatrics strives to provide the best and most comprehensive age-appropriate acne treatment for our patients. Schedule an appointment to discuss your child's treatment options today with one of our board certified pediatricians.